CAA SAFETYSENSE LEAFLET 3 – WINTER FLYING
For those who haven’t had the opportunity to read the whole thing, here’s a summary:
• Stay out of icing conditions for which the aircraft has NOT been cleared.
• Note freezing level in the aviation weather forecast. Don’t go unless the aircraft is equipped for the conditions.
• Have warm clothing available for pre-flight and in case of heater failure or forced landing.
• Mud, snow and slush will lengthen take-off and landing runs. Work out your distances in advance.
• Remove all frost, ice and snow from the aircraft – there is no such thing as a little ice!
• Check carefully that all essential electrical services, especially pitot heat, are working properly.
• Check that the heater and demister are effective. Watch out for any signs of carbon monoxide poisoning.
• Be extra vigilant for carb ice.
• If ice does start to form, act promptly, get out of the conditions by descending (beware of high ground), climbing or diverting.
• If you encounter ice, tell ATC so that others can be warned.
• During the approach if you suspect tail-plane ice, or suffer a severe pitch down, RETRACT THE FLAPS.
• If you have to land with an iced-up aeroplane, add at least 20% to the approach speed.
• Snow-covered, icy or muddy runways will make crosswinds harder to handle.